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Jesuits -- Maryland Province

 Subject
Subject Source: Local sources

Found in 34 Collections and/or Records:

1. Records of the Provincial, 1805-1981

 Series
Scope and Contents Series 1, the Records of the Provincial, documents the formation of missions, Houses of Jesuit formation, colleges, and houses for the entire Maryland Province under its various iterations. During its existence between 1805 and 2020, the Province included the mid-Atlantic states of Maryland, Virginia, and Pennsylvania. There were periods when the Province also included missions in other northeastern states and foreign missions: New York, 1814-1818; Missouri, Mo., 1823-1833; Worcester, Ma.,...

1.1 Correspondence, Chronological, 1805-1883

 Sub-Series
Scope and Contents Subseries 1.1 is comprised of correspondence related to the Provincial, or head, of the Maryland Province, and spans the years 1805 to 1883. During the period of the Mission of the American Federation (1805-1833), this position was also referred to as "Superior"; by 1833, with the founding of the Maryland Province, the term "Provincial" came into use. Most letters in the subseries are addressed to the Provincials themselves, but the subseries also contains letters received...

1.2 Correspondence, Superior General, 1759-1935

 Sub-Series
Scope and Contents This subseries consists of letters sent by the Jesuit Superior General in Rome to the Maryland Province, and spans the years 1759 to 1935. The Superior General, the leader of the Society of Jesus elected by its General Congregation, wrote regularly to the Maryland Province to clarify the rules and regulations of the Society, interpret Papal decrees, authorize the establishment of new missions, mediate relations among Provinces, and announce the appointments of Rectors, Superiors, and...

1.3 Correspondence, Circular Letters, 1759-1942

 Sub-Series
Scope and Contents This subseries consists of circular letters sent by the Provincial to the members of the Maryland Province, and spans the years 1759 to 1942. From 1759 through 1884, the circular letters are bound in three copy books; loose printed letters span the years 1881 through 1942. These letters, which were intended for wide distribution among members, variously convey directives from the Superior General, the Pope, and Archdiocesan leadership; clarify the rules of the Society related to Jesuit...

1.4 Correspondence, Subject, 1813-1988

 Sub-Series
Scope and Contents This subseries consists of the correspondence subject files of the Provincial, primarily during the period of the Maryland-New York Province (established in 1879, and succeeded by the Maryland Province in 1943). As with other records of the Provincial, these materials address aspects of Jesuit formation, community rules, the direction of its educational institutions, the pastoral activities of the houses, relations with Archdiocesan authorities, and the financial affairs of the Province. ...

1.5 Correspondence, Correspondent, 1900 - 1971

 Sub-Series
Scope and Contents This subseries consists of letters received by the Maryland Provincial, primarily written by members of the Province. The responses of the Provincial or his designee are filed with these letters. The subjects concern the advancement of members, assignments of those working in other Provinces, appeals for donations for missions within and outside the Province, and conflicts between members within their communities. The letters are filed in alphabetical order by name of the...

1.6 Membership, Final Vows, 1812-1951

 Sub-Series
Scope and Contents This subseries consists of the documents signed by each member of the Maryland Province upon taking his final vows and becoming a member of the Society of Jesus. Some of these members took only the simple vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience; others took the additional fourth vow of fealty to the Pope, enabling them to become fully professed. Each document is signed by the member taking the vows, records the name of the Provincial who accepted the vows, and includes the date and place that...

1.7 Membership, Vital Records, 1755 - 1869

 Sub-Series
Scope and Contents This subseries consists mostly of vital records of members of the Province that provide useful biographical information on members, including documents certifying membership in the Society of Jesus and ordinations to the priesthood, passports and naturalization papers, travel passes, and legal documents.**Please note: the finding aid contains Scope and Contents notes for each folder. This folder-level description has been imported from an older finding aid. Researchers may encounter...

1.8 Special Visitor Peter Kenney, S.J., 1819 - 1900

 Sub-Series
Scope and Contents This subseries includes documentation of Peter Kenney, S.J.’s time serving as Special Visitor to the Jesuit Missions of the United States on behalf of the Superior General of the Society of Jesus in Rome. A prominent Irish Jesuit, Kenney visited the United States from 1819 to 1820, and again from 1830 to 1833. During his visits, he was asked to address questions regarding the organization of provinces, economic viability, and the application of the rules of the Society to local circumstances....

1.9 Missouri Mission, 1823 - 1859

 Sub-Series
Scope and Contents This subseries consists of the records of the Missouri Mission, from its establishment within the Maryland Province in 1823 until Missouri was designated a Vice-Province in 1840. Materials consist of letters addressing the transfer of Houses, churches, and schools by the diocese of New Orleans to the Society, as well as administrative documentation and financial reports. Slavery is discussed throughout the letters, as the Missouri Mission derived income from plantations near Florissant,...

2. Records of the Procurator, 1633-1968

 Series
Scope and Contents Series 2, the Records of the Procurator, includes financial and legal documents related to the Maryland Province of the Society of Jesus, and covers the years 1633-1968. The Procurator - effectively the treasurer of the province - had oversight of finances, and the records in this series reveal the emergence of a tobacco-centered economy in the mid-Atlantic region in the seventeenth century, its diversification beginning in the late eighteenth century, and the decline of agriculture in...

2.1 Subject Files, 1633 - 1968

 Sub-Series
Scope and Contents Subseries 2.1 is comprised of Subject Files related to the Province’s finances, dating from the seventeenth through twentieth centuries. These records were organized by the Provincial Procurator (treasurer) out of loose collections of financial correspondence, deeds and land surveys, invoices, receipts, statements, and contracts. The Subject Files subseries also contains many of the key legal and financial documents related to the Maryland Province’s sale of 272 enslaved individuals in 1838/ ...

2.2 Correspondence, 1833 - 1967

 Sub-Series
Scope and Contents This subseries consists of correspondence related to the Province’s property, finances, and the office of the Provincial Procurator. While the Province generally retained few of the letters sent by the Provincial Procurator himself, those letters that do survive, located in this subseries, provide insight into the Province’s handling of financial and property-related matters, including the purchase, treatment, and sale of enslaved people. These letters are, therefore, especially important in...

2.3 Monthly and Annual Statements, 1802 - 1939

 Sub-Series
Scope and Contents This subseries is comprised of monthly and annual statements related to Provincial finances. These statements pertain to select Houses, high schools, and colleges, as well as mission activity in Jamaica, New England, and New York. The subseries also includes reports prepared by the Provincial Procurator for the Society’s Procurator General in Rome. Statements were compiled retrospectively (in the early 20th century) by Procurator Joseph Zwingé for the years 1802 to 1893, in an account book...

2.4 General and Special Accounts, 1793 - 1963

 Sub-Series
Scope and Contents This subseries consists of account books, expense journals, donation records, seminary fund records, and receipts related to both general and specialized accounts maintained by the Provincial Procurator. Account records are especially robust for the duration of the Maryland-New York Province (1879-1943), but also reflect financial matters during the period of Jesuit slaveholding, with some documentation of the 1838 sale of 272 enslaved individuals (Box 78, Folder 2) . The Procurator...

2.5 Estate Accounts, 1734 - 1926

 Sub-Series
Scope and Contents Subseries 2.5 contains financial records pertaining to estate properties in southern Maryland and Pennsylvania held by the Jesuits of the Maryland Province. These records document the management of plantations that depended upon enslaved labor, and of lands leased to tenant farmers. The Province’s Procurators maintained financial records of the estates detailing day-to-day expenses; accounts with overseers, vendors, and trading partners; the costs of provisions for enslaved laborers; the...

3. Records of the Corporation of Roman Catholic Clergymen, 1694-1956

 Series
Scope and Contents Series 3, the Records of the Corporation of Roman Catholic Clergymen, documents the activity of the legal entity established in 1792 to protect Jesuit property interests in the Maryland region. The series includes minutes proceedings, by-laws, and Trustee lists from the meetings of the Corporation (1793-1956); legislative acts, property transfers, power of attorney documents, some Trustee correspondence, and the charter establishing the CRCC (1789-1918); and the wills of both Jesuits and those...

3.1 Minutes and Proceedings, 1793 - 1956

 Sub-Series
Scope and Contents Subseries 3.1, Minutes and Proceedings, contains the records of meetings held by the Corporation of Roman Catholic Clergymen (CRCC), and dates from 1793 to 1956. Materials record decisions about the transfer of assets, the election of Board members, and changes in by-laws. These records also document actual and potential sales of enslaved people held by the Province. Between 1793 and 1820, the CRCC continually deliberated the need to reduce the number of enslaved laborers on the Province’s...

3.2 Legal Documents, 1789 - 1918

 Sub-Series
Scope and Contents Subseries 3.2 contains legal documents created or retained by the Corporation of Roman Catholic Clergymen (CRCC), the legal entity established in 1792 that protected Jesuit property interests. The correspondence in this subseries concerns property titles, transfers, and legislation, including the transfer of Maryland Mission properties by Fathers James Walton and Robert Molyneux (1794) and the possibility of manumitting enslaved people at Bohemia (letter to Francis Neale, S.J., approximately...

3.3 Jesuit Wills, 1722 - 1920

 Sub-Series
Scope and Contents This subseries contains wills and related documents of members of the Maryland Province who conveyed property to the Province upon their deaths. Although members of the Society of Jesus take vows of poverty, they can retain financial assets if these assets are not used independently; such ownership is reflected in these wills. The Corporation of Roman Catholic Clergymen claimed ownership of all properties bequeathed to the Maryland Province. **Please note: the finding aid contains...