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Jesuits -- Maryland Province

Subject Source: Local sources

Found in 67 Collections and/or Records:

2.2 Correspondence, 1833 - 1967

Scope and Contents This subseries consists of correspondence related to the Province’s property, finances, and the office of the Provincial Procurator. While the Province generally retained few of the letters sent by the Provincial Procurator himself, those letters that do survive, located in this subseries, provide insight into the Province’s handling of financial and property-related matters, including the purchase, treatment, and sale of enslaved people. These letters are, therefore, especially important...
Dates: 1833 - 1967

2.3 Monthly and Annual Statements, 1802 - 1939

Scope and Contents This subseries is comprised of monthly and annual statements related to Provincial finances. These statements pertain to select Houses, high schools, and colleges, as well as mission activity in Jamaica, New England, and New York. The subseries also includes reports prepared by the Provincial Procurator for the Society’s Procurator General in Rome. Statements were compiled retrospectively (in the early 20th century) by Procurator Joseph Zwingé for the years 1802 to 1893, in an account book...
Dates: 1802 - 1939

2.4 General and Special Accounts, 1793 - 1963

Scope and Contents This subseries consists of account books, expense journals, donation records, seminary fund records, and receipts related to both general and specialized accounts maintained by the Provincial Procurator. Account records are especially robust for the duration of the Maryland-New York Province (1879-1943), but also reflect financial matters during the period of Jesuit slaveholding, with some documentation of the 1838 sale of 272 enslaved individuals (Box 78, Folder 2) . The...
Dates: 1793 - 1963

2.5 Estate Accounts, 1734 - 1926

Scope and Contents Subseries 2.5 contains financial records pertaining to estate properties in southern Maryland and Pennsylvania held by the Jesuits of the Maryland Province. These records document the management of plantations that depended upon enslaved labor, and of lands leased to tenant farmers. The Province’s Procurators maintained financial records of the estates detailing day-to-day expenses; accounts with overseers, vendors, and trading partners; the costs of provisions for enslaved laborers; the...
Dates: 1734 - 1926

3.1 Minutes and Proceedings, 1793 - 1956

Scope and Contents Subseries 3.1, Minutes and Proceedings, contains the records of meetings held by the Corporation of Roman Catholic Clergymen (CRCC), and dates from 1793 to 1956. Materials record decisions about the transfer of assets, the election of Board members, and changes in by-laws. These records also document actual and potential sales of enslaved people held by the Province. Between 1793 and 1820, the CRCC continually deliberated the need to reduce the number of enslaved laborers on the...
Dates: 1793 - 1956

3.2 Legal Documents, 1789 - 1918

Scope and Contents Subseries 3.2 contains legal documents created or retained by the Corporation of Roman Catholic Clergymen (CRCC), the legal entity established in 1792 that protected Jesuit property interests. The correspondence in this subseries concerns property titles, transfers, and legislation, including the transfer of Maryland Mission properties by Fathers James Walton and Robert Molyneux (1794) and the possibility of manumitting enslaved people at Bohemia (letter to Francis Neale, S.J.,...
Dates: 1789 - 1918

3.3 Jesuit Wills, 1722 - 1947

Scope and Contents This subseries contains wills and related documents of members of the Maryland Province who conveyed property to the Province upon their deaths. Although members of the Society of Jesus take vows of poverty, they can retain financial assets if these assets are not used independently; such ownership is reflected in these wills. The Corporation of Roman Catholic Clergymen claimed ownership of all properties bequeathed to the Maryland Province. **Please note: the finding aid contains...
Dates: 1722 - 1947

3.4 Non-Jesuit Wills, 1694 - 1917

Scope and Contents The charter granted to the Corporation of Roman Catholic Clergymen authorized it to accept gifts and donations from people outside of the Jesuit community. This series contains wills, related documents, and correspondence pertaining to such bequests, including bequests from members of prominent Catholic families such as the Carrolls, Fenwicks, Sewalls, and Duvalls. Particularly relevant is a copy of James Carroll’s 1728 will, which conferred the White Marsh plantation and to the Maryland...
Dates: 1694 - 1917

4.1 Alexandria, Georgetown, Washington, 1806 - 1960

Scope and Contents This subseries contains the records of Jesuit Houses located in Alexandria, Georgetown, and Washington, D.C. Materials include official House records such as the Litterae Annuae (annual letters), Historia Domus (House histories), and diaries, financial records, publications, newsclippings, and correspondence. The Jesuits residing in these Houses ministered to several disparate groups comprised of both the...
Dates: 1806 - 1960

4.2 Bohemia and St. Joseph's Church (Eastern Shore, Md.), 1840 - 1973

Scope and Contents This subseries contains records pertaining to the Jesuit Houses on Maryland's Eastern Shore, Bohemia and St. Joseph's Church. Materials include an announcement book (Bohemia), financial records and pew rent books, a sacramental register with notes on church attendance (St. Joseph’s Church), newsclippings, photographs, histories, and publications. In the eighteenth century, Jesuits established two Houses on the Eastern Shore of the Delmarva Peninsula: Bohemia in 1704 and St....
Dates: 1840 - 1973

4.3 Frederick (Frederick County, Md.), 1806 - 1964

Scope and Contents This subseries contains the records of the Jesuit House and Novitiate in Frederick, Maryland. Among the Records of the Houses, the Frederick subseries is distinctive, documenting both parish life and the considerable activities of the Novitiate. House materials include Litterae Annuae, Historia Domus, diaries, financial records, and correspondence. Novitiate records include announcement books, rule books, financial records,...
Dates: 1806 - 1964

4.4 White Marsh and Bowie (Prince George's County, Md.), 1818 - 1969

Scope and Contents This subseries contains records pertaining to the Jesuit Houses at White Marsh and Bowie in Prince George’s County, Maryland. Materials include diaries, announcement books, financial records, visitation memorials, correspondence, parishioner papers, photographs, manuscripts, and newsclippings. Of particular interest are White Marsh sacramental registers covering the years 1818 to 1897, which included bapitsmal, marriage, and burial records. Researchers should also note that 89 of the 272...
Dates: 1818 - 1969

4.5 LaPlata (Charles County, Md.), 1874 - 1966

Scope and Contents In 1926, the Maryland Province established its House at LaPlata, the capital of Charles County, Maryland, with the Church of the Sacred Heart as its seat. In 1966, the Jesuits transferred the parishes served by the LaPlata House to the Archdiocese of Washington. This subseries consists of Historia Domus, diaries, financial records, memorials of visitation, and historical notes and ephemera.The following churches were served by the House at LaPlata:- Sacred Heart Church...
Dates: 1874 - 1966

4.6 St. Thomas Manor (Charles County, Md.), 1788 - 1970

Scope and Contents This subseries contains records related to St. Thomas Manor, the Jesuit House in Charles County, Maryland. Materials include Litterae Annuae, Historia Domus, a sacramental register (recording baptisms, marriages, and burials), correspondence, House library lists, financial records, publications, histories, newsclippings, photographs, scrapbooks, and ephemera.Established in 1642, St. Thomas Manor is the only House in Southern Maryland still maintained by the Jesuits. It is also the...
Dates: 1788 - 1970

4.7 Chaptico (St. Mary's County, Md.), 1897 - 1970

Scope and Contents Subseries 4.7 contains records pertaining to the Jesuit House at Chaptico in St. Mary’s County, Maryland. Materials include Litterae Annuae, Historia Domus, diaries, announcement books, financial records, correspondence, census, newsclippings, photographs, and histories.The Chaptico House was established in St. Mary’s County, Maryland in 1914 at the head of the Wicomico River, bordering the area served by the Newtown House. Its initial seat was the chapel of Our Lady of Loretto;...
Dates: 1897 - 1970

4.8 Great Mills (St. Mary's County, Md.), 1927 - 1967

Scope and Contents Subseries 4.8 contains records pertaining to the Jesuit House at Great Mills in St. Mary’s County, Maryland. Materials include announcement books, Historia Domus, diaries, publications, scrapbooks, and photographs.In 1927, the Maryland Province established the Great Mills House at the Rectory of St. Regis, near the Church of the Holy Face in St. Mary’s County, Maryland. Like the priests stationed at other Jesuit Houses in St. Mary’s County, the priests of the Chaptico House...
Dates: 1927 - 1967

4.9 Newtown and Leonardtown (St. Mary's County, Md.), 1794 - 1982

Scope and Contents The records in this subseries pertain to the Jesuit House in St. Mary’s County, Maryland that was first known as Newtown (founded in 1662) and then as Leonardtown (when it was relocated to the town of the same name in 1868). This subseries includes Litterae Annuae and Historia Domus; Newtown House financial records, Newtown House sacramental records, Newtown House correspondence; Saint Joseph’s Church minute book, pew rent book, and treasurer’s accounts; Sacred Heart Church Board of Trustees...
Dates: 1794 - 1982

7.1 Individual Priests, 1790 - 1979

Scope and Contents This subseries contains selected, fragmentary papers of individual priests of the Maryland Province. Materials include journals, correspondence, homilies, spiritual exercises, retreat notes, examen, poetical writings, and spiritual writings that were used by members when they were students, or in preparation for teaching. Materials of particular interest include journals kept by Stephen Dubuisson, S.J., while stationed at Holy Trinity Church, Georgetown (1830-1833); a diary of Thomas Lilly,...
Dates: 1790 - 1979

7.2 George Fenwick, S.J., 1818 - 1856

Scope and Contents This subseries contains selected, fragmentary papers of George Fenwick, S.J. The materials consist of correspondence and one folder of poetical writing. Of particular note is Fenwick’s correspondence with his former student Patrick Healy, S.J., before Healy’s time as President of Georgetown College. This correspondence includes an 1853 letter from Healy to Fenwick in which Healy alludes to his attempts to pass as white at Holy Cross College; Healy was in fact mixed race, the son of a...
Dates: 1818 - 1856

7.3 Jose Lopez, S.J., 1816 - 1944

Scope and Contents This subseries contains selected papers of Jose Lopez, S.J. (also known, after moving to the United States, as the anglicanized Joseph Lopez). The materials primarily concern Don Agustin de Iturbide, the Emperor of Mexico from 1822 to 1823, for whom Lopez served as attorney and political advisor.Jose Lopez was born in Mexico in 1779. After studying canon law, he moved to Europe, where he represented Agustin de Iturbide; he then returned to Mexico during Iturbide’s fight for...
Dates: 1816 - 1944