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Slavery

 Subject
Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings

Found in 22 Collections and/or Records:

1. Records of the Provincial, 1805-1981

 Series
Scope and Contents Series 1, the Records of the Provincial, documents the formation of missions, Houses of Jesuit formation, colleges, and houses for the entire Maryland Province under its various iterations. During its existence between 1805 and 2020, the Province included the mid-Atlantic states of Maryland, Virginia, and Pennsylvania. There were periods when the Province also included missions in other northeastern states and foreign missions: New York, 1814-1818; Missouri, Mo., 1823-1833; Worcester, Ma.,...

1.1 Correspondence, Chronological, 1805-1883

 Sub-Series
Scope and Contents Subseries 1.1 is comprised of correspondence related to the Provincial, or head, of the Maryland Province, and spans the years 1805 to 1883. During the period of the Mission of the American Federation (1805-1833), this position was also referred to as "Superior"; by 1833, with the founding of the Maryland Province, the term "Provincial" came into use. Most letters in the subseries are addressed to the Provincials themselves, but the subseries also contains letters received...

1.2 Correspondence, Superior General, 1759-1935

 Sub-Series
Scope and Contents This subseries consists of letters sent by the Jesuit Superior General in Rome to the Maryland Province, and spans the years 1759 to 1935. The Superior General, the leader of the Society of Jesus elected by its General Congregation, wrote regularly to the Maryland Province to clarify the rules and regulations of the Society, interpret Papal decrees, authorize the establishment of new missions, mediate relations among Provinces, and announce the appointments of Rectors, Superiors, and...

1.9 Missouri Mission, 1823 - 1859

 Sub-Series
Scope and Contents This subseries consists of the records of the Missouri Mission, from its establishment within the Maryland Province in 1823 until Missouri was designated a Vice-Province in 1840. Materials consist of letters addressing the transfer of Houses, churches, and schools by the diocese of New Orleans to the Society, as well as administrative documentation and financial reports. Slavery is discussed throughout the letters, as the Missouri Mission derived income from plantations near Florissant,...

2. Records of the Procurator, 1633-1968

 Series
Scope and Contents Series 2, the Records of the Procurator, includes financial and legal documents related to the Maryland Province of the Society of Jesus, and covers the years 1633-1968. The Procurator - effectively the treasurer of the province - had oversight of finances, and the records in this series reveal the emergence of a tobacco-centered economy in the mid-Atlantic region in the seventeenth century, its diversification beginning in the late eighteenth century, and the decline of agriculture in...

2.1 Subject Files, 1633 - 1968

 Sub-Series
Scope and Contents Subseries 2.1 is comprised of Subject Files related to the Province’s finances, dating from the seventeenth through twentieth centuries. These records were organized by the Provincial Procurator (treasurer) out of loose collections of financial correspondence, deeds and land surveys, invoices, receipts, statements, and contracts. The Subject Files subseries also contains many of the key legal and financial documents related to the Maryland Province’s sale of 272 enslaved individuals in 1838/ ...

2.2 Correspondence, 1833 - 1967

 Sub-Series
Scope and Contents This subseries consists of correspondence related to the Province’s property, finances, and the office of the Provincial Procurator. While the Province generally retained few of the letters sent by the Provincial Procurator himself, those letters that do survive, located in this subseries, provide insight into the Province’s handling of financial and property-related matters, including the purchase, treatment, and sale of enslaved people. These letters are, therefore, especially important in...

2.3 Monthly and Annual Statements, 1802 - 1939

 Sub-Series
Scope and Contents This subseries is comprised of monthly and annual statements related to Provincial finances. These statements pertain to select Houses, high schools, and colleges, as well as mission activity in Jamaica, New England, and New York. The subseries also includes reports prepared by the Provincial Procurator for the Society’s Procurator General in Rome. Statements were compiled retrospectively (in the early 20th century) by Procurator Joseph Zwingé for the years 1802 to 1893, in an account book...

2.5 Estate Accounts, 1734 - 1926

 Sub-Series
Scope and Contents Subseries 2.5 contains financial records pertaining to estate properties in southern Maryland and Pennsylvania held by the Jesuits of the Maryland Province. These records document the management of plantations that depended upon enslaved labor, and of lands leased to tenant farmers. The Province’s Procurators maintained financial records of the estates detailing day-to-day expenses; accounts with overseers, vendors, and trading partners; the costs of provisions for enslaved laborers; the...

3. Records of the Corporation of Roman Catholic Clergymen, 1694-1956

 Series
Scope and Contents Series 3, the Records of the Corporation of Roman Catholic Clergymen, documents the activity of the legal entity established in 1792 to protect Jesuit property interests in the Maryland region. The series includes minutes proceedings, by-laws, and Trustee lists from the meetings of the Corporation (1793-1956); legislative acts, property transfers, power of attorney documents, some Trustee correspondence, and the charter establishing the CRCC (1789-1918); and the wills of both Jesuits and those...

3.1 Minutes and Proceedings, 1793 - 1956

 Sub-Series
Scope and Contents Subseries 3.1, Minutes and Proceedings, contains the records of meetings held by the Corporation of Roman Catholic Clergymen (CRCC), and dates from 1793 to 1956. Materials record decisions about the transfer of assets, the election of Board members, and changes in by-laws. These records also document actual and potential sales of enslaved people held by the Province. Between 1793 and 1820, the CRCC continually deliberated the need to reduce the number of enslaved laborers on the Province’s...

3.2 Legal Documents, 1789 - 1918

 Sub-Series
Scope and Contents Subseries 3.2 contains legal documents created or retained by the Corporation of Roman Catholic Clergymen (CRCC), the legal entity established in 1792 that protected Jesuit property interests. The correspondence in this subseries concerns property titles, transfers, and legislation, including the transfer of Maryland Mission properties by Fathers James Walton and Robert Molyneux (1794) and the possibility of manumitting enslaved people at Bohemia (letter to Francis Neale, S.J., approximately...

3.4 Non-Jesuit Wills, 1694 - 1917

 Sub-Series
Scope and Contents The charter granted to the Corporation of Roman Catholic Clergymen authorized it to accept gifts and donations from people outside of the Jesuit community. This series contains wills, related documents, and correspondence pertaining to such bequests, including bequests from members of prominent Catholic families such as the Carrolls, Fenwicks, Sewalls, and Duvalls. Particularly relevant is a copy of James Carroll’s 1728 will, which conferred the White Marsh plantation and to the Maryland...

4. Records of the Houses, 1730-1967

 Series
Scope and Contents Series 4, the Records of the Houses, documents the development of parish life and the ministry of the Maryland Province among disparate communities in the mid-Atlantic region from the eighteenth century through the mid-twentieth century. The material in this series focuses primarily on Houses and their activities in the Washington, D.C. area, Maryland, and Pennsylvania. Additional materials reflect House activity in Maine, Massachusetts, New York, and West Virginia. This series also contains...

4.1 Alexandria, Georgetown, Washington, 1806 - 1960

 Sub-Series
Scope and Contents This subseries contains the records of Jesuit Houses located in Alexandria, Georgetown, and Washington, D.C. Materials include official House records such as the Litterae Annuae (annual letters), Historia Domus (House histories), and diaries, financial records, publications, newsclippings, and correspondence. The Jesuits residing in these Houses ministered to several disparate groups comprised of both the...

4.10 St. Inigoes and Ridge (St. Mary's County, Md.), 1767 - 1985

 Sub-Series
Scope and Contents The records in this subseries include announcement books; Annuae Litterae and Historia Domus; diaries; a book of memorials, a census of families, and a scrapbook; correspondence; manuscript histories (including archeological surveys); legal documents; newsclippings; photographs (including glass-plate negatives compiled by Horace McKenna, S.J. around 1933; published materials; financial records; sacramental records; and spiritual writings. Please note that a fire at the St. Inigoes Manor House...

4.2 Bohemia and St. Joseph's Church (Eastern Shore, Md.), 1840 - 1973

 Sub-Series
Scope and Contents This subseries contains records pertaining to the Jesuit Houses on Maryland's Eastern Shore, Bohemia and St. Joseph's Church. Materials include an announcement book (Bohemia), financial records and pew rent books, a sacramental register with notes on church attendance (St. Joseph’s Church), newsclippings, photographs, histories, and publications. In the eighteenth century, Jesuits established two Houses on the Eastern Shore of the Delmarva Peninsula: Bohemia in 1704 and St. Joseph’s...

4.4 White Marsh and Bowie (Prince George's County, Md.), 1818 - 1969

 Sub-Series
Scope and Contents This subseries contains records pertaining to the Jesuit Houses at White Marsh and Bowie in Prince George’s County, Maryland. Materials include diaries, announcement books, financial records, visitation memorials, correspondence, parishioner papers, photographs, manuscripts, and newsclippings. Of particular interest are White Marsh sacramental registers covering the years 1818 to 1897, which included bapitsmal, marriage, and burial records.Established in 1741 with Sacred Heart...

4.6 St. Thomas Manor (Charles County, Md.), 1788 - 1970

 Sub-Series
Scope and Contents This subseries contains records related to St. Thomas Manor, the Jesuit House in Charles County, Maryland. Materials include Litterae Annuae, Historia Domus, a sacramental register (recording baptisms, marriages, and burials), correspondence, House library lists, financial records, publications, histories, newsclippings, photographs, scrapbooks, and ephemera.Established in 1642, St. Thomas Manor is the only House in Southern Maryland still maintained by the Jesuits. It is also the...

4.9 Newtown and Leonardtown (St. Mary's County, Md.), 1794 - 1982

 Sub-Series
Scope and Contents The records in this subseries pertain to the Jesuit House in St. Mary’s County, Maryland that was first known as Newtown (founded in 1662) and then as Leonardtown (when it was relocated to the town of the same name in 1868). This subseries includes Litterae Annuae and Historia Domus; Newtown House financial records, Newtown House sacramental records, Newtown House correspondence; Saint Joseph’s Church minute book, pew rent book, and treasurer’s accounts; Sacred Heart Church Board of Trustees...