Shusako Endo (1923-1996) was a Japanese Roman Catholic author. Born in Tokyo, he relocated to Manchuria for his early childhood, before returning around the age of 10 to Japan, where he was baptized as a Roman Catholic at the age of 11. He studied at Keio University and in Lyons, France, where he studied the writing of French Catholic authors. He spent most of his life living in Japan, and died in Tokyo at the age of 73.
According to the New York Times, his novels and plays are "about faith and faithlessness, East and West, heritage and modernity..." His most famous novel, Silence, follows the life of a 17th century Jesuit missonary sent to Japan who endures persecution during the time of the Kakure Kirishitan (hidden Christians). Other novels include Deep River and Scandal. In 1994, Endo was a contender for the Nobel Prize for Literature, but it went that year to another Japanese author. Graham Greene has hailed him as ''one of the finest living novelists.''