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James Pye Neale Papers

Identifier: GTM-GAMMS46

Scope and Contents

The James Pye Neale Papers consist primarily of correspondence to his mother Sarah Neale from 1856 to 1894 while she was living in Hearne, Texas. Fr. Neale focuses on updates regarding family and friends in his earlier letters (-1876) and transitions into discussing his missionary work in the parishes (namely St. Inigoes) as his time in the Society progresses.


  • 1856 - 1895


Conditions Governing Access

The James Pye Neale Papers are on deposit at Georgetown University and are the property of the USA East Province of the Society of Jesus. As stewards of the Archives, the Georgetown University Library’s Booth Family Center for Special Collections is responsible for managing access to the material based on policies set forth by the USA East Province. Researchers may view these materials in the Reading Room of the Booth Family Center for Special Collections. General policies for using Special Collections can be found here.

Access to the Archives is governed by the USA East Province and is subject to all Library and Special Collections policies and procedures in addition to the specific guidelines below. These guidelines are a summary of access policies; the Archives may include materials that fall outside the scope of these general guidelines. For information on access to specific materials, please contact the Special Collections staff.


1. All Archives materials dated or bearing solely on events occurring before January 1, 1940, shall be open for review unless otherwise restricted, subject to Library policies and procedures.

2. All unpublished Archives materials dated or bearing solely on events occurring on or after January 1, 1940, shall be open for review upon request subject to a decision by the Provincial or someone designated by the Provincial.

3. Researchers may quote from the materials.

4. Researchers may take their own photographs of the material for scholarly and research purposes. Allowing photographs is not an authorization to publish or to deposit the material in another library or archive.

5. Written permission from the USA East Province is required for the publication of substantive portions of any material or publication-quality reproductions of any material.

6. Material not yet processed is not available to researchers; permission will not be granted to access any unprocessed material.

7. Audiovisual, microfilm and other material in the Archives, the original of which is held in another archive, may be consulted and transcribed only. Written permission from the archive holding the original material is required for any duplication, reproduction, or publication of that material.

8. Use the Permission Request Form to request permission (i) to access any restricted processed material or (ii) to publish reproductions or quote substantive portions of the material. Send the completed form by email to the Booth Family Center for Special Collections (

Conditions Governing Use

Researchers are solely responsible for determining the copyright status of the materials being used, establishing who the copyright owner is, locating the copyright owner, and obtaining permission for intended use.

Biographical Note

James Pye Neale, often referred to as Pye Neale, was born in Maryland in 1840 to Sarah M. Pye (1816-1910) and Francis Neale (d. circa 1844). He entered Georgetown College in 1852 with his two brothers Eustace (1842-1910) and Francis (1833-1852) through the sponsorship of Nicholas Stonestreet, graduating in 1859 and joining the Society of Jesus that same year. Neale joined the novitiate at Frederick (1859-1861), then taught at Loyola (1862), St. Joseph's (1863-1866), and Boston College (1867-1868). He commenced his philosophate at Georgetown in 1869 before becoming one of the first students at Woodstock College the following year, where he stayed until 1874. He was stationed at Loyola (1875-1876) and Georgetown (1877) once more before transferring to St. Inigoes (1878-1879). Next, he was at Frederick (1880), St. Inigoes (1881-1889), Keyser Island (1890), and Conewago (1891). Neale is listed in the catalogs of the Society of Jesus as being in Missoula, Montana, in 1892 and 1893 at St. Ignatius. He was subsequently listed as "profugus," or someone who had run away, on 5-26-1893. Not much is known of his life between this departure from the Society and his death in Philadelphia in 1895.


0.20 Cubic Feet (1 box)

Language of Materials


Metadata Rights Declarations

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Gift of Eugene Campbell Barker, 1952.

Related Materials

Transcriptions of select letters, as well as more information on Fr. Neale's life, was published in the Woodstock Letters v. 82 pp. 238-270 (1953).

Processing Information

This collection was rehoused into acid-free boxes and folders in March 2024.

James Pye Neale Papers
Aleksandra Kinlen
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description

Repository Details

Part of the Georgetown University Manuscripts Repository

Lauinger Library, 5th Floor
37th and O Streets, N.W.
Washington DC 20057