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Leon Robbin collection of music manuscripts and letters of composers

 Collection
Identifier: GTM-941229
Donated in 1994, the Leon Robbin Collection of Music Manuscripts and Letters of Composers consists of over 800 autographed manuscripts and letters by composers, musicians, and conductors. Collection highlights include autograph manuscripts by many of the most important Romantic era composers, including Ludwig van Beethoven’s sketches for his Piano Sonata No. 23 in F minor "Appassionata," a full set of handwritten parts for Robert Schumann’s String Quartet in A minor op. 41 no. 1 (Heavily edited by the composer, the first edition of the work was printed from this set), and unpublished works by Ignaz Moscheles.

Other notable composers whose musical materials are represented in the collection include Hector Berlioz, Sir Edward Elgar, Alexander Glazunov (or Aleksandr), Charles Gounod, Franz Liszt, Pietro Mascagni, Jules Massenet, Ignaz Moscheles, Jacques Offenbach, Gioachino Rossini, Camille Saint-Saëns, Pablo de Sarasate, Franz Schubert, John Philip Sousa, Johann Strauss II, Richard Strauss, Giuseppe Verdi, and Richard Wagner.

Additionally, the collection also includes autographed correspondence by Johannes Brahms, Max Bruch, Cécile Chaminade, Gustave Charpentier, Claude Debussy, Gabriel Fauré, Felix Mendelssohn, Giacomo Puccini, Sergei Rachmaninoff, Maurice Ravel, and Ralph Vaughan Williams.

Robbin established an endowment for the further acquisition of musical manuscripts for Georgetown Library.

Dates

  • 1694-2010

Extent

40.5 Linear Feet

Biographical / Historical

Leon Robbin was born on October 11, 1901 in Washington D.C to Herman Solomon Robbin (Lithuanian, 1875-1959) and Sehene (Jenny) Robbin (nee Rubin) (Russian, 1876-1923). He attended Washington D.C. Public Schools for his early education, and graduated in two years from the D.C. Business High School. Beginning in 1917, Robbin attended Carnegie Institute of Technology in Pittsburgh, PA, but due to a severe case of the flu he caught at the beginning of his first semester, he dropped out for the remainder of the academic year. In 1918, he enrolled in Georgetown University’s evening Law School, while selling Dalton Adding Machines and teaching business law at D.C. Business High School during the day. Robbin graduated from Georgetown University law school in 1922, and in October of 1922, was admitted to the Bar of the District of Columbia, and then began working for noted Washington lawyer Wade E. Ellis, former Attorney General of the State of Ohio. Around the same time, Robbin’s cousin, inventor and electrochemist Samuel Rubin, hired him as his personal patent attorney and sales agent as a part-time position. In 1930, Robin was hired by the manufacturing company P. R. Mallory Company in New York, also a part-time position. In 1933, Robbin joined the company full-time as an assistant secretary of the company, and formed their patent law department.. Robbin was responsible for brokering the 1943 deal between P. R. Mallory Co. and the Army Signal Corps that resulted in the wartime production of Ruben’s mercury batteries for use in World War Two walkie talkies and other portable electronics. Robin also led Mallory’s postwar commercialization efforts as vice-president of the Battery Division. Though Mallory had never made batteries prior to the war, Robbin’s close relationship with his cousin Ruben facilitated the company's continuing innovation and transformation into Duracell Inc., today’s market leader for long-life sealed alkaline batteries. He was later promoted to vice president for the legal and patents division. And then Vice President of Engineering and Research, and was elected to company’s Board of Directors. He incorporated and led its overseas subsidiaries. Robbin retired to Florida in the 1970s after a 47-year career with P.R. Mallory and Co.

Robbin was married to Mae Large Robbin (1911-2003) and they had five daughters: Jane Carol Robbin (1935-1941), Grace Robbin Drehmel (1939-2015), Susan Robbin Chace, Barbara L. Robbin, and Gwendolyn Robbin Paine. His marriage to Mae Robbin ended in divorce. Between 1975-1976, Robbin remarried Olga Key Robbin of Key Biscayne, FL. On May 22, 2003, Leon Robbin died at home in Key Biscayne, FL of congestive heart failure at the age of 101.

At the beginning of Robbin’s career as a patent attorney, presumably in the 1920-30 period, a client paid him with a manuscript after Robbin refused remuneration. 'It was a Franz Schubert manuscript dated 1825, signed by the composer. After that, there was no stopping me.'" This autographed manuscript was an unpublished work by Schubert entitled "Un Zwei Deutsche für Klavier." Thus began his foray into collecting musical manuscripts. Robbin said “I began collecting manuscripts not only because of my interest in the great composers, but also because it gives me a wonderful feeling to have in front of me the very piece of paper that one of these immortal geniuses wrote on.”

The Leon Robbin Collection of Music Manuscripts and Letters of Composers contains over 300 manuscripts and letters. In 1997, Robbin established a $1 million endowment for the further acquisition of musical manuscripts for Georgetown Library.
Title
Leon Robbin collection of music manuscripts and letters of composers
Status
in_progress
Author
Jayme Kurland, 2018-2019.
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
English

Repository Details

Part of the Georgetown University Manuscripts Repository

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