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Martin F. Herz Papers 2

Identifier: GTM-GAMMS134

Scope and Contents

This is the second acquisition of the Martin F. Herz Papers (see finding aid by Margaret H. McAleer, February 1984, for first acquisition).

Material includes congratulatory correspondence to Ambassador Herz on his appointment as U.S. ambassador to Bulgaria (1974-77); a large series of lectures (including research notes and speech outlines) given as the director of the Institute for the Study of Diplomacy at the School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University (1978-83).

A most remarkable part of the collection consists of the progaganda leaflets used by the Allies against the Axis powers, Germany and Italy as part of the psychological warfare campaign launched by the U.S. War Department during the Second World War. The leaflets in this collection were all written by Herz.

Certificates for his Purple Heart and Bronze Star are included in this collection (Folders 2:41 and 2:42). Some of his cables to the State Department from his time in the foreign service in Iran are included in this collection (Folder 1:22).

In 1978, Ambassador Herz joined Georgetown University as director of the Institute for the Study of Diplomacy. He taught many courses on the Cold War and modern diplomacy. His research, notes, and outlines for many of his lectures comprise part of this collection (Folders 3:13-3:50).

The manuscripts and working files containing correspondence with contributors and publishers for several of his books are included in this collection: The Golden Ladle (1945; A Short History of Cambodia from the Days of Angkor to the Present (1958); Beginnings of the Cold War (1966); David Bruce's 'Long Telegram' of July 3, 1951 (1978); Decline of the West? George Kennan and his Critics, ed. by Herz (1978); How the Cold War is Taught: Six American History Books Examined (1978); A View from Tehran: A Diplomatist Looks at the Shah's Regime (1979); Contacts with the Opposition: A Symposium, ed. by Herz (1979); The Prestige Press and the Christmas Bombing, 1972: Images and Reality in Vietnam (1980); 215 Days in the Life of an American Ambassador (1981), about his experiences in Bulgaria; Diplomacy: The Role of the Wife: A Symposium in which are expressed the views of 25 experts... ed. by Herz (1981); The Role of Embassies in Promoting Business: A Symposium, ed. by Herz (1981); Diplomats and Terrorists: What Works, What Doesn't, ed. by Herz (1982); The Consular Dimension of Diplomacy: A Symposium, ed. by Herz (1983); The Vietnam War in Retrospect: Four Lectures (1983); The Modern Ambassador: The Challenge and the Search, ed. by Herz (1983); Understanding Austria: The Political Reports and Analyses of Martin F. Herz, Political Officer of the U.S. Legation in Vienna, 1945-48, ed. by Reinhold Wagnleitner (1984).

Ambassador Herz also contributed innumerable articles to the Foreign Service Journal, Public Opinion Quarterly, Encounter, and Commentary. Manuscripts and proof copies of many of the articles are included in the collection.

Abbreviations used in this finding aid include: ACS - autograph card signed; ALS - autograph letter signed; ANS - autograph note signed; b/w black and white photograph; TL - typed letter; TLS - typed letter signed; TMss - typed manuscripts; TNS - typed note signed; MSS - manuscripts.


  • 1940-1983
  • Majority of material found within 1974-1980


Collection-level Access Restrictions

Most manuscripts collections at the Georgetown University Booth Family Center for Special Collections are open to researchers; however, restrictions may apply to some collections. Collections stored off site require a minimum of three days for retrieval. For use of all manuscripts collections, researchers are advised to contact the Booth Family Center for Special Collections in advance of any visit.

Biographical Note

Martin Florian Herz was born on July 9th, 1917, in New York City. He attended Columbia University, graduated with a B.S. in 1937. During WWII, Herz participated in the Anzio landings in Italy. During the war, he attained the rank of major and was decorated on March 29, 1950 with the Purple Heart for wounds received during operations in the Mediterranean Theater on April 25, 1944; as well as with a Bronze Star Medal awarded on June 17 1949, for meritorious achievement in ground operations in the European Theater, June 28, 1944 to April 1, 1945. Because of his general background and language skills, Herz was assigned to psychological warfare operations during the war. He became an authority on surrender, capture, and desertion, authoring the majority of the propaganda leaflets dropped on the enemy.

Herz entered the U.S. Foreign Service in 1946. Over the years he was stationed at embassies in Austria, France, Cambodia, and Japan (see chronology following). From 1963 to 1967, he was counselor for political affairs at the U.S. embassy in Tehran. his tour was significant for the many reports he cabled to the State Department in Washington relating his observations and concern about the stability of Iran's Pahlavi monarchy.

In 1968, after the Tet Offensive, Herz was posted to Saigon as political affairs minister-counselor. Two years later, back in Washington, he served as senior deputy assistant-secretary of state for international organizational affairs. In 1974, Herz was appointed U.S. ambassador to Bulgaria, in which capacity he served until retirement in 1977. In 1979 he was presented with the State Department's Superior Honor Award in recognition of 38 years of service. In later years, the ambassador maintained his connection with the Foreign Service through membership in the American Foreign Service Association in which he served as vice chairman and director. In 1978, Ambassador Herz joined Georgetown University as director of the Institute for the Study of Diplomacy. He taught many courses on the Cold War and modern diplomacy.

Throughout his long career, in addition to his official duties, Ambassador Herz wrote and edited many books on diplomacy. Ambassador Herz resided with his wife Elizabeth Kremenak Herz in Washington, D.C. He died on October 5, 1983.

Chronology for Martin Florian Herz

Born: New York City, July 9, 1917

Parents: Gustave L. Herz and Edith Flammerschein

Education: Columbia University, B.S. 1937

Career: U.S. Army, Psychological Warfare Branch 1941-45 Headquarters, U.S. Forces in Austria 1945 Entered U.S. Foreign Service 1946 Third Secretary, Vienna 1946-48 Washington 1949-50 Second Secretary, Paris 1950-54 Second Secretary, Phnom Penh 1955-57 First Secretary, Tokyo 1957-59 Special Asst., Bureau of African Affairs 1960-63 Political Counselor, Tehran 1963-67 Country Director, Laos - Washington 1967-68 Counselor, Saigon 1968-70 Dep. Asst. Sec. State, Intl. Organizational Affairs 1970-74 Ambassador, Bulgaria 1974-77 Director, Institute for the Study of Diplomacy, Georgetown University 1978-1983


8.75 Linear Feet (10 boxes)

Language of Materials


Metadata Rights Declarations

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Gift of Elisabeth Herz, 1994.

Martin F. Herz papers 2
Georgetown University Library Booth Family Center for Special Collections
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Describing Archives: A Content Standard
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Revision Statements

  • 2023: Edited for DACS compliance by John Zarrillo

Repository Details

Part of the Georgetown University Manuscripts Repository

Lauinger Library, 5th Floor
37th and O Streets, N.W.
Washington DC 20057