Biographical and Historical note
Victor Mikhailovich Baydalakoff was born in Russia in 1900. After the October Revolution of 1917, he served with the anti-Bolshevik Don Cossack Army until its defeat and evacuation in 1920. He then spent the next ten to fifteen years in East European countries, founded the NTS, and began a thirty-five year career as its chief executive and ideologue. Relocating to Germany before the start of World War Two, he was arrested and jailed intermittently by the Nazis, but, with the war's end, he and his colleagues re-established and re-strengthened the NTS, gaining international support.
The NTS (Natsionalno Trudovoi Soiuz, trans: The National Worker's Alliance) was an anti-Communist Russian emigre organization. Founded in 1930 (with its main headquarters located in Germany), the NTS was dedicated to the liberation of Russia from the yoke of Communism, seeking to replace it with a society formulated upon the precepts of Russian Christian brotherhood, and solidarity between all classes. Its methods of achieving this goal appear to include agitation through propaganda (radio broadcasts to the USSR, newspapers, leaflets, and other materials), some direct internal agitation by agents, as well as a post-war operation, which urged the defection of Soviet Army soldiers stationed in Soviet-occupied Germany to the Western zones. With Stalin's death, the group became convinced that the Soviet Union would soon be riddled with weaknesses and divisiveness, that its downfal was imminent; this did not materialize. In addition, internal struggles over ideological and operational issues arose in the mid-fifties, mostly from younger members of the leadership. Their insistence upon recognition of the Soviet Union as a legitimate power, endorsement of a policy of sharing classified information with American organizations, and impatience with the older style of leadership, drove Baydalakoff and a splinter section of the NTS to split irrevocably from the organization.
Baydalakoff left Germany and settled in the United States. He eventually started another organization (RNTS) composed primarily of the membership that had stayed loyal to him. However, the organization could not build up the support that the NTS had, and appears not to have flourished.
Both Mr. Baydalakoff and his wife, Alexandra Nikolaevna, were employed by Georgetown University.