Edward Loughborough Keyes, Jr. (1873-1949), noted urologist, was born in Elizabeth, New Jersey on May 15, 1873. He was the son of distinguished surgeon Edward Lawrence Keyes (1843-1924) [Edward L. Keyes, Sr.] and Sarah M. (Loughborough) Keyes and the grandson of Civil War officer Erasmus D. Keyes (1810-1895).
Edward L. Keyes, Jr. earned an A.B. degree from Georgetown University in 1892. Three years later, in 1895, he received an M.D. from Columbia University. Later, in 1901, he obtained a Ph.D. from Georgetown. On November 17, 1898, Edward L. Keyes, Jr. married Emma Willard Scudder (d. 1944). The couple had four children: Edward Lawrence Keyes [Edward L. Keyes, III], Emma Willard Keyes, Elizabeth Hewlett Keyes, and Alexander Loughborough Keyes. Keyes held a variety of important medical posts during his career, including the following: lecturer on urology at Georgetown University (1902-1906), lecturer on surgery at Cornell Medical School (1904-1910), surgeon at St. Vincent's Hospital (1905-1920), urologist at Bellevue Hospital (1910-1920), surgeon at General Memorial Hospital (1914-1917), and urologist at New York Hospital (1932-1937). He retired from medicine in 1939.
In addition to his fine civilian career, Keyes served with distinction in the United States Army during World War I. A major in the Medical Reserve Corps in 1917, he rose to the rank of colonel in the Medical Corps in 1918. In France, Keyes directed Base Hospital No. 1 and served as a consultant in urology in the American Expeditionary Forces. Keyes authored "Genito-Urinary Diseases" (1903, 1910), "Urology" (1917), and "A Sea Change" (1939), to name a few of his writings. He was active among a host of medical professional organizations, including the American Urological Association, of which he was president in 1915, and the American Social Hygiene Association, of which he was president from 1923 to 1925. Edward L. Keyes, Jr. died on March 16, 1949.
[Sources: "Who Was Who in America." Vol. 2 (Chicago: Marquis, 1950), p. 297. "Who's Who in America." Vol. 12 (Chicago: Marquis, 1922-23), p. 1775. Edward L. Keyes, Jr. Papers [Part 1] (Biographical Material about Edward L. Keyes, Jr.).]