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Cleveland C. Cram Papers

Identifier: GTM-GAMMS411
The Cleveland C. Cram Papers comprise the personal papers of Cleveland C. Cram, a longtime official at the Central Intelligence Agency. The collection includes ample correspondence to and from Cram, numerous manuscripts by Cram and others, printed materials about intelligence topics, a series of Cram's appointment books, a few photographs, and several audio cassette tapes. The Cram Papers document in detail the historical research conducted by the Central Intelligence officer Cram. The collection is contained in 7 archival boxes (6.5 linear feet). The Cram Papers complement other intelligence collections held by the Georgetown University Library Booth Family Center for Special Collections, including the Edgar J. Applewhite Papers, the Richard M. Helms Papers, the William Hood Papers, the Robert J. Lamphere Papers, and the Russell Bowen book collection on military intelligence.


Series 1 - Correspondence from Cram. Series 2 - Correspondence to Cram. Series 3 - Chronological Correspondence of Cram. Series 4 - Correspondence of Others. Series 5 - Manuscripts. Series 6 - Printed Materials. Series 7 - Appointment Books. Series 8 - Photographs. Series 9 - Audio Cassettes.


  • 1933 - 1998

Collection-level Access Restrictions

Most manuscripts collections at the Georgetown University Booth Family Center for Special Collections are open to researchers; however, restrictions may apply to some collections. Collections stored off site require a minimum of three days for retrieval. For use of all manuscripts collections, researchers are advised to contact the Booth Family Center for Special Collections in advance of any visit.


6.5 Linear Feet (7 boxes)

Biographical note

Cleveland C. Cram was born in Waterville, Minnesota. His father was a farmer. Cram studied at St. John's University in Collegeville, Minnesota. He then received a Masters degree in European history from Harvard University. During World War II, he served in the Pacific theater of war for four years. After the war, Cram went back to Harvard and earned a Ph.D., and his dissertation was on Irish politics.

After joining the Central Intelligence Agency in 1950, Cram embarked on a long and prestigious career in intelligence. His area of focus was counterintelligence. In 1953, Cram moved to London, England, where he worked for five years and met Kim Philby. Cram and his CIA colleagues tried to expose Philby, who spied for the Soviets. Cram rose to the rank of deputy station in London, and he worked as a liaison officer between the Central Intelligence Agency and the British intelligence network. Later in his career, Cram held the post of station chief in Holland and Ottawa, too.

In 1975, after a distinguished career, Cram retired from the CIA. In 1976, he undertook a lengthy study of the history of the counterintelligence arm of the Central Intelligence Agency under James Jesus Angleton from 1954 to 1974. The study took six years to complete. In the process, Cram produced a massive, classified 11-volume study entitled, "History of the Counter-Intelligence Staff, 1954-1974." Subsequently, in 1993, Cram published an unclassified document entitled, "Of Moles and Molehunters: A Review of Counter-Intelligence Literature." Later, Cram did consulting work for the CIA, and he helped train CIA officials at the Center for Counter-Intelligence and Security Studies.

Mary Margaret Cram, Cleveland's wife, died in 1998. Their daughter is Mary Victoria Cram.

Cleveland C. Cram died at age 81 on January 9, 1999.


-Wise, David. "Mole-hunt: How the Search for a Phantom Traitor Shattered the CIA." (New York: Avon Books, 1992). -Obituary of Cleveland C. Cram in the "Washington Post," 1/13/1999, p. B6.

Acquisition Information

Gift of Ms. Mary Victoria Cram, 1/12/2004. Processed by Scott S. Taylor, November 2008.
Cleveland C. Cram Papers
Scott S. Taylor. Georgetown University Library Booth Family Center for Special Collections
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Repository Details

Part of the Georgetown University Manuscripts Repository