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E. E. Libbey Papers

Identifier: GTM-GAMMS236

Collection-level Scope and Content Note

The E. E. Libbey Papers are comprised of 3.0 linear feet of materials, including correspondence, receipts, and order forms documenting business conducted by E. E. Libbey, a dealer in pulpwood, cedar posts, white birch, and hemlock bark in Pittsfield, Maine. These records, spanning the years 1900 to 1912, provide a glimpse into Maine's bustling turn-of-the century timber and pulpwood industries. Libbey bought and sold various types of wood. His correspondents included individuals from all over the state of Maine and parts of New Hampshire, Vermont, and Massachusetts. He conducted a particularly large amount of business with Boston lumber wholesalers. Perhaps the highlight of the collection is found in receipts and letters between Libbey and prominent pulp and paper companies. Included is a large run of documents from S. D. Warren & Company, which operated a papermill at Cumberland Mills, Maine, and some materials from International Paper Company and the Great Northern Paper Company. Many order memorandums for Libbey's wood shipments on the region's railroads, such as the Maine Central Railroad, the Boston & Maine Railroad, and the Bangor & Aroostook Railroad, are preserved. In addition, Libbey's papers relate to transactions he made with other companies, including the Estate of Charles Forster, New England Telephone & Telegraph Company, Skowhegan Pulp Company, and United Box Board and Paper Company, among others.

Sources: Charles E. Clark, "Maine: A Bicentennial History" (1977). Judd, Richard W., et al, "Maine: The Pine Tree State from Prehistory to the Present" (1995).

ABBREVIATIONS: ACS - Autograph Card Signed AD - Autograph Document ADS - Autograph Document Signed AL - Autograph Letter ALS - Autograph Letter Signed DS - Document Signed EEL - E. E. Libbey MSS - Manuscript Signed TC - Typed Card TD - Typed Document TEL - Telegram TL - Typed Letter TLS - Typed Letter Signed


  • 1900 - 1912

Collection-level Access Restrictions

Most manuscripts collections at the Georgetown University Booth Family Center for Special Collections are open to researchers; however, restrictions may apply to some collections. Collections stored off site require a minimum of three days for retrieval. For use of all manuscripts collections, researchers are advised to contact the Booth Family Center for Special Collections in advance of any visit.

Biographical/Historical note

E. E. Libbey apparently was a small businessman who contracted not only with other small businessmen, but also with some large lumber manufacturers and paper companies. While he appears to have operated his business in Pittsfield, Maine, some documents in this collection suggest that he lived, at least for a time, in the neighboring small town of Detroit, Maine. Pittsfield is located in Somerset County, Maine, and has historically been a modestly busy commercial crossroads for the surrounding area. Libbey's records fit into the larger context of Maine's timber, pulpwood, and paper industries. Maine's lumber industry was quite competitive in national markets throughout most of the nineteenth century. Even though conventional lumbering in the state lost some of its dominance after 1880, a new forest industry emerged in the form of pulp and paper production. In the mid-nineteenth century, after wood pulp became a practical replacement for rags as a source of fiber in paper, paper companies began to build pulp mills and papermills in Maine. By 1900, the papermaking industry began consolidating, and large companies, such as International Paper Company and the Great Northern Paper Company, controlled much of the industry. Providing spruce pulpwood to several papermills, E. E. Libbey had modest dealings with these giant firms. Libbey's papers also document a small part of the continuing general lumber trade of the day as Libbey shipped cedar posts, white birch, and other types of wood to lumber manufacturers and wholesalers.

Sources: Charles E. Clark, "Maine: A Bicentennial History" (1977). Judd, Richard W., et al, "Maine: The Pine Tree State from Prehistory to the Present" (1995).


3 Linear Feet (2 boxes)

Language of Materials


Related Archival Materials note

The University of Maine Special Collections Department at Folger Library possesses the extensive papers of the Great Northern Paper Company and numerous collections of business records belonging to nineteenth century Maine lumbering firms.

General Physical Description note

The E. E. Libbey Papers are arranged alphabetically by correspondent. The documents were initially stored in a rough alphabetical fashion in a series of five large wood-framed letter books owned by Libbey. As much as possible, the original order of his business records has been retained.

E. E. Libbey Papers
Scott S. Taylor. Georgetown University Library Booth Family Center for Special Collections
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description
Language of description note

Repository Details

Part of the Georgetown University Manuscripts Repository

Lauinger Library, 5th Floor
37th and O Streets, N.W.
Washington DC 20057